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yam season in ghana

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Menopause Symptoms. The edible tuber has a rough skin that is difficult to peel but readily softened by heating. It is not grown much commercially since the flavor of other yams is preferred by most people. Because of the small size of the tubers, mechanical cultivation is possible, which along with its easy preparation and good flavor, could help the lesser yam to become more popular in the future. Although its main use is for food, several studies have shown its usefulness in the pharmaceutical industry and the manufacture of bioplastics. [28], The protein content and quality of roots and tubers is lower than other food staples, with the content of yam and potato being around 2% on a fresh-weight basis. Chukwudi J. Ihenetu has canceled the 2020 edition of the annual New Yam Festival/IGBO Day in Ghana. H raw sorghum [33] The extracted diosgenin is used for the commercial synthesis of cortisone, pregnenolone, progesterone, and other steroid products. Adding different seasonings to your yam … [1] Although not grown in the same quantities as the African yams, it has the largest distribution worldwide of any cultivated yam, being grown in Asia, the Pacific islands, Africa, and the West Indies. Yams flourish in rainfall of between 1000mm to 1500mm annually, and the best practice is to plant the seedlings at the onset of the rains. Yams were taken to the Americas through precolonial Portuguese and Spanish on the borders of Brazil and Guyana, followed by a dispersion through the Caribbean.[44]. The New Yam Festival celebrates the main agricultural crop of the Igbos, Idomas, and Tivs. [12], Yam plants can grow up to 15 m (49 ft) in length and 7.6 to 15.2 cm (3 to 6 in) high. People offer yams to gods and ancestors first, before distributing them to the villagers. African Fresh Yams from Ghana (3 tubers) $ 35.00 This African Yams from Ghana is an edible tuber cultivated in countries such as Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Caribbean and Oceania. In Southern Zambia, it is an important addition to the March–September diets of almost all, and income of over half, of rural households.[19]. The raw vegetable is starchy and bland, mucilaginous when grated, and may be eaten plain as a side dish, or added to noodles. Another method of consumption is to leave the raw yam pieces to dry in the sun. Yams are used in Papua New Guinea, where they are called kaukau. Among the Akan of Ghana, boiled yam can be mashed with palm oil into eto in a similar manner to the plantain dish matoke, and is served with eggs. They are usually detoxified by soaking in a vessel of salt water, in cold or hot fresh water or in a stream. It symbolises the end of harvesting and the beginning of a new season or the next cycle of work. Ghana’s export of the commodity ranks sixth in the world, representing 10.3% of world exports in 2016. Despite the high labor requirements and production costs, consumer demand for yam is high in certain subregions of Africa,[1] making yam cultivation quite profitable to certain farmers. Faced with serious seed yam shortages, some farmers in Southern Kaduna, Nigeria, plant the same sett twice. Yam is the name given to several plant species in the genus Dioscorea including Dioscorea alata (white yam), Dioscorea bulbifera (potato yam), Dioscorea cayenensis (yellow yam), Dioscorea esculenta (Asiatic yam) and Dioscorea batatas (Chinese yam) that are grown for their edible tubers. The main exportable varieties […] E raw cassava This substance ranges in color from white or yellow to purple or pink in mature yams. Raw forms, however, are not edible and cannot be digested. Dioscorea japonica is used for food. Most countries that grow yams as a staple food are too poor to afford high-technology storage systems. Whilst in Ghana he held a series The purple yam, D. alata, is also eaten in India, where it is also called the violet yam. Ghana produces on average eight million tons of yam annually. Natural hormones are becoming a popular option. It is tolerant to frost and can be grown in much cooler conditions than other yams. Ghana: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to regenerate and characterize 338 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. The boiled yam can also be pounded with a traditional mortar and pestle to create a thick, starchy paste known as iyan (pounded yam) or fufu which is eaten with traditional sauces such as egusi and palm nut soup. Experts emphasize the need to supplement a yam-dominant diet with more protein-rich foods to support healthy growth in children. The tubers are harvested after about 6 months of growth. G raw sweet potato Chukwudi J. Ihenetu has announced the cancellation of COVID-19: Eze Igbo Ghana, Eze Ihenetu cancels Igbo Day/New Yam festival – … In sprouted or cooked form, the relative nutritional and antinutritional contents of each of these staples is remarkably different from that of raw form of these staples. With a Vision of becoming the leading source of premium quality yam products with global penetration and contribution to an improved Ghanaian economy and livelihoods,the Ghana Yam Producers and Exporters Association was incorporated under the Ghana Company’s Code, 1963 Act 179 on the 2nd of June 1987. Harvesting is typically done manually by using farm tools such as hoes to remove the tuber from the ground. You will usually not find too many vendors engaging in the sale of fried yam in the lean season. [21] Wood-based tools are preferred to metallic tools as they are less likely to damage the fragile tubers; however, wood tools need frequent replacement. [1], In some places, other (unrelated) root vegetables are sometimes referred to as "yams", including:[1], A monocot related to lilies and grasses, yams are vigorous herbaceous vines providing an edible tuber. Skinned and cut frozen yams may also be available from specialty grocers. In Vietnam, the same purple yam is used for preparing a special type of soup canh khoai mỡ or fatty yam soup. Yam harvesting is labor-intensive and physically demanding. Certain cultivars of yams store better than others. Extensive changes in traditional cultivation practices, such as mixed cropping, may be required. [33] In Indonesia, an extract of air potato is used in the preparation of arrow poison.[24]. These are then milled to create a brown powder known in Nigeria as elubo. Yams from Ghana are produced in large quantities and are exported throughout the whole year. Ridged bed types are also good for yam planting. [32], The tubers of certain wild yams, including a variant of 'Kokoro' yam and other species of Dioscorea, such as Dioscorea nipponica, are a source for the extraction of diosgenin, a steroid sapogenin. I love it too. [1] Some 870 species of yams are known,[1] and 95% of these crops are grown in Africa. Harvesting operations of both yams and maize crops are expected to start in August. During this transformation of the starch, the dry matter of the tuber is reduced. [1], The name "yam" appears to derive from Portuguese inhame or Canarian (Spain) ñame, which derived from West African languages during trade. It was introduced to Europe in the 19th century, when the potato crop there was falling victim to disease, and is still grown in France for the Asian food market. Yields may improve and cost of yam production be lower if mechanization were to be developed and adopted. Purple yam is also used in other types of traditional wagashi sweets, cakes, and candy. Call free: +44 800 689 5241, Fofie Yam Festival: Ghanaian culture and cuisine combine, Our volunteer Nadine taking Spanish Lessons, come, Day Care Center Project in Costa Rica , Projects like Community Educacion and Day Care Cen, Sports education one of the favorite projects, Our volunteers get to know the local food, in this, Special needs project is about helping in the cook, This error message is only visible to WordPress admins, 1755 Robson St #1027, Vancouver, BC, V6G 3B7, Canada. According to a news report by NAN, the Minister who was represented by Mrs Karima Babangida, Director of the Federal Department of Agricultural Extension, said that food security was the most important form of guaranteeing the sovereignty of any state.. For maximum yield, the yams require a humid tropical environment, with an annual rainfall over 1500 mm distributed uniformly throughout the growing season. An exception to the cooking rule is the mountain yam (Dioscorea polystachya), known as nagaimo and can be further classified into ichōimo (lit. Ghana: The Crop Trust supported the Plant Genetic Resources Research Institute (PGRRI) to regenerate and characterize 338 yam accessions with the objective of rescuing threatened diversity and enhancing use of the crops. Yam is the main staple crop of the Igbos in south eastern Nigeria where for centuries it played a dominant role in both their agricultural and cultural life. [16], D. dumetorum, the bitter yam, is popular as a vegetable in parts of West Africa, in part because their cultivation requires less labor than other yams. D. esculenta, the lesser yam, was one of the first yam species cultivated. Just like cassava, yam cultivation in Ghana is mainly done by smallholder farmers using rudimentary hand tools making cultivation and harvesting much more labor intensive. Yam can not only be sold locally, it can also be exported out of the country. Yam generally has a lower glycemic index, about 54% of glucose per 150 gram serving, compared to potato products. Every tribe and region consume yam and they can be used for porridge, boiled, roasted, fried, flour production etc, The flour can be used in baking snacks such as chin chin, meat pie, peanut burger etc. This is their way of giving thanks to the spirits above them. D. alata, called "white yam",[1] winged yam, water yam, and purple yam (not to be confused with the Okinawan purple "yam", which is a sweet potato), was first cultivated in Southeast Asia. However, it is popular in home vegetable gardens because it produces a crop after only four months of growth and continues producing for the life of the vine, as long as two years. The duration and exact days of the celebration vary according to place, but, regardless of the manifestation, the festival is held in hopes of averting famine in the coming year. However, there are exceptions. Since they originated in tropical rainforest conditions, their growth cycle is less related to seasonal changes than other yams. In central parts of India, the yam is prepared by being finely sliced, seasoned with spices, and deep fried. Dioscorea japonica known as East Asian mountain yam, yamaimo, or Japanese mountain yam, is a type of yam (Dioscorea) native to Japan (including Ryukyu and Bonin Islands), Korea, China, Taiwan, and Assam. 147 accessions are safety duplicated in the International Institute for Tropical Agriculture (IITA). It produces tubers, but the bulbils which grow at the base of its leaves are the more important food product. Successful storage of yams requires:[24][25]. it is a great source of Carbohydrate and cooked in different ways:barbecued, roasted, fried, grilled, boiled, baked, smoked and even grated in some dessert recipes. The New Yam Festival of the Igbo people (Orureshi in the idoma area, Iwa ji, Iri ji or Ike ji, Otute depending on dialect) is an annual cultural festival by the Igbo … Wild forms of bitter yams (Dioscorea dumetorum) do contain some toxins, such as dihydrodioscorine, that taste bitter, hence are referred to as bitter yam. In forested areas, tubers grow in areas where other tree roots are present. Yam production is also seasonalplot fallow, with the main harvest season occurring from August to December and a lean crop season occurring from May to July. Yams are still important for survival in these regions. The cancellation of the 2020 edition of the annual New Yam Festival/IGBO Day in Ghana was announced by HRM Eze Dr. Amb. Just like cassava, yam cultivation in Ghana is mainly done by smallholder farmers using rudimentary hand tools making cultivation and harvesting much more labor intensive. Small-scale farmers in West and Central Africa often intercrop yams with cereals and vegetables. It looks similar to the white yam in outer appearance; its tuber skin is usually a bit firmer and less extensively grooved. The easier to store yams are those adapted to arid climate, where they tend to stay in a dormant low-respiration stage much longer than yam breeds adapted to humid tropical lands, where they do not need dormancy. About 3 m ( 20 ft ) or more in length the pieces a... Source of essential amino acids earlier than in the preparation of arrow poison. [ 24 ] ) is at... Crops are grown be grown in Africa, with slight differences between those found both... The plants and stake the mounds approximately 4 weeks after the bush had cleared. 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The Igbo people in Ghana, HRM Eze Dr. Amb how and when remove... To treat sex hormone issues to China harvesting is typically done manually by using farm tools as... Be developed and adopted very toxic and are sometimes used to poison when... Maize crops are grown around Ghana the Fofie yam festival is prominent among southeastern states and major staple in. Igbos, Idomas, and can be prepared in many ways ; kanji 銀杏芋. Dennst. found throughout the year, but the bulbils which grow at end! Food. [ 39 ] '', outside cultivated areas of yam in the Volta Region occurs much than... Also good for yam planting element for Nigerian and West African countries. [ 24 ] small-scale farmers...

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